Orofacial therapy is a type of physical therapy that specializes in treating jaw and facial pain. This therapy can involve exercises, stretches, and massage techniques to improve range of motion and alleviate pain in the jaw muscles and joints.
Pain specialists work with people with TMJ to formulate a medication strategy specifically tailored to the source of the TMJ.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Medications such as ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin can help reduce pain and inflammation in the TMJ.
These medications, such as cyclobenzaprine or diazepam, help relieve muscle spasms in the jaw and face.
Medications such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline can help relieve pain and improve sleep in people with TMJ.
Medications such as gabapentin and pregabalin may be used to treat pain and muscle spasms associated with TMJ.
Creams or gels containing lidocaine or other pain-relieving medications can be applied directly to the skin over the affected joint to help relieve pain.
These medications may be injected directly into the TMJ to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
A bite guard, also known as an occlusal splint, is a device that is worn over the teeth to help alleviate symptoms of TMJ. The bite guard helps to reduce clenching and grinding of the teeth, which can exacerbate TMJ symptoms.
Botox injections can be used to alleviate the muscle spasms and pain associated with TMJ. Botox works by blocking the nerve signals that cause muscle contractions.
Arthrocentesis is a minimally invasive procedure that involves the insertion of a needle into the TMJ joint. Fluid is then injected into the joint to help flush out debris and reduce inflammation.
Trigger Point Injections
Trigger point injections involve the injection of a local anesthetic and/or steroid medication into specific trigger points in the jaw muscles. This can help to alleviate pain and reduce muscle spasms.
Pulsed Radiofrequency Procedure
Pulsed radiofrequency is a minimally invasive procedure that uses electrical stimulation to interrupt pain signals along the nerves in the face and jaw, providing pain relief for TMJ.