Regular physical activity can help reduce pain and stiffness, increase range of motion, and improve overall function. Low-impact activities such as swimming, yoga, or walking are particularly beneficial.
Adequate rest is important for managing RA symptoms. It is important to balance activity with rest to avoid overexertion.
Using assistive devices, such as braces or splints, can help protect and support the affected joints.
Hot and cold therapy
Applying heat or cold to affected joints can help reduce pain and inflammation. Heat therapy, such as a warm bath or heating pad, can help soothe sore joints, while cold therapy, such as an ice pack or cold compress, can help reduce inflammation.
Stress can exacerbate RA symptoms, so learning stress management techniques such as mindfulness meditation, deep breathing, or progressive muscle relaxation can be an effective way to manage pain.
A healthy diet can help reduce inflammation and promote overall health and wellbeing, which can help manage RA symptoms. It may be helpful to incorporate anti-inflammatory foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins into your diet, while avoiding processed foods, sugar, and alcohol.
Sleep disturbances are common in individuals with RA, which can exacerbate pain symptoms and negatively impact overall health and wellbeing. Practicing good sleep hygiene, such as establishing a regular sleep schedule, avoiding stimulating activities before bed, and creating a comfortable sleep environment can help improve sleep quality.
Building a support network of family, friends, and healthcare professionals can help to provide emotional support and practical assistance in managing pain. Joining support groups and seeking out mental health professionals can also be helpful in managing pain-related stress and improving overall quality of life.
Mind-body therapies such as acupuncture, tai chi, or yoga may help reduce pain and improve overall wellbeing in individuals with RA.
Learning about RA and its management can help individuals better understand their condition and develop effective strategies for managing symptoms. Online resources, support groups, and educational materials provided by healthcare professionals can be helpful in this regard.