Pelvic Organ Prolapse is a condition that affects women, especially those who have given birth or gone through menopause. It occurs when the muscles and tissues that support the pelvic organs become weakened, causing discomfort, pain, and a feeling of pressure in the pelvic area. Pelvic Organ Prolapse can also cause urinary and bowel problems. It is a chronic condition that can worsen over time if left untreated. Treatment options include pelvic floor exercises, pessaries, or surgery. With the right treatment, many women with Pelvic Organ Prolapse can improve their quality of life and reduce the impact of their symptoms.
The presentation of Pelvic Organ Prolapse can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Common symptoms may include:
These symptoms can range from mild to severe and can significantly impact a woman's quality of life. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to speak with your healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment.
Pelvic floor muscle training is a type of exercise designed to strengthen the muscles that support the pelvic organs, which can alleviate symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse. A trained physiotherapist can help individuals learn how to properly perform pelvic floor exercises and develop a personalized exercise plan.
Physiotherapy can be helpful in addressing movement patterns that contribute to pelvic organ prolapse symptoms, such as straining during bowel movements or lifting heavy objects. A trained physiotherapist can help individuals develop proper body mechanics and teach exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.
Working with a registered dietitian can help individuals develop a healthy eating plan for weight management and overall health, which can alleviate symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse. A dietitian may recommend foods that are high in fiber to prevent constipation, as well as foods that promote overall pelvic health.
Various medications may be prescribed to alleviate symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse, including pain, incontinence, and constipation. For example, laxatives or stool softeners may be prescribed to help prevent constipation, while anticholinergic medications may be prescribed to help manage overactive bladder symptoms.
Prevent straining during bowel movements, which can worsen symptoms, by drinking enough water, eating a fiber-rich diet, and avoiding constipation.
Refrain from lifting heavy objects, which can put pressure on pelvic floor muscles and exacerbate symptoms. If lifting is necessary, use proper techniques and avoid holding your breath.
Engage in low-impact exercises like walking, swimming, or cycling to strengthen pelvic floor muscles and improve overall health.
Maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise to alleviate extra pressure on pelvic floor muscles and reduce symptoms.
Manage urinary incontinence, a common symptom, by avoiding caffeine and alcohol, practicing timed voiding, and performing pelvic floor muscle exercises.