Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, commonly known as PCOS, is a hormonal disorder that causes the development of small fluid-filled cysts on the ovaries.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, commonly known as PCOS, is a hormonal disorder prevalent among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may experience prolonged or infrequent menstrual periods and have an excess of male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs.


The basics

The exact cause of PCOS remains uncertain; however, factors like excess insulin, low-grade inflammation, heredity, and increased levels of androgens can play a role. PCOS often manifests during the teenage years or early twenties and can lead to complications such as infertility, gestational diabetes, and endometrial cancer if not addressed.

Seeking medical advice is crucial for those showing symptoms of PCOS. Early diagnosis, lifestyle changes, and treatment can help reduce the associated risks and improve the overall quality of life.

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The manifestations of PCOS can vary, but common symptoms include:

  • Irregular periods
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Excess hair growth (hirsutism) on the face, chest, back
  • Acne, oiliness, or dandruff
  • Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
  • Thinning hair on the scalp
  • Darkening of the skin, especially along neck creases, in the groin, and underneath breasts
  • Skin tags in the armpits or neck area
  • Infertility

It's important to note that some women may exhibit only a few symptoms, while others may experience a broader range.

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Therapies & treatments

Pelvic Physiotherapy

For some women with PCOS, pelvic physiotherapy can offer relief, especially if they experience pelvic pain or associated musculoskeletal concerns.

Hormonal Birth Control

Including birth control pills, patches, shots, and vaginal rings, these can help regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce excess hair growth and acne.

Anti-androgen Medications

Such as spironolactone, can reduce excessive hair growth, acne, and hair loss on the scalp.


Originally developed for diabetes treatment, metformin can improve insulin levels and has shown promise in helping women with PCOS.

Ovulation Induction

Medications like Clomid can stimulate the ovaries to produce more follicles, increasing the chance of pregnancy for those with fertility concerns due to PCOS.

Lifestyle Modifications

Adopting a balanced diet, regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight can significantly improve symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. This approach is often the first recommended step in managing PCOS.

Education and Support

Gaining knowledge about PCOS and connecting with support groups can provide valuable coping tools and emotional relief for affected individuals.

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Self-care strategies

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