Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's disease is a progressive nervous system disorder affecting movement and often causing muscle stiffness, tremors, and chronic pain.

The basics

Parkinson's disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects movement. It is caused by the degeneration of dopamine-producing nerve cells in the brain, leading to a lack of dopamine, a crucial neurotransmitter necessary for movement. This results in symptoms such as tremors, stiffness, and slowness of movement, making everyday tasks increasingly difficult. Parkinson's disease is most commonly diagnosed in people over the age of 60, although it can sometimes affect younger people as well.

While there is no cure for Parkinson's disease, treatments like medications, physical therapy, and surgery can help alleviate symptoms. Parkinson's disease can impact a person's quality of life, as it can lead to difficulties with activities of daily living and a loss of independence. In addition to motor symptoms, non-motor symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and cognitive changes may also occur. The progression of Parkinson's disease varies, but appropriate treatment and management can help maintain a good quality of life for many years.

icon graph


The primary motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease include:

  • Tremors or shaking in the hands, arms, legs, jaw or face
  • Stiffness or rigidity of the muscles
  • Slowness of movement or bradykinesia
  • Balance problems or difficulty walking

In addition to the motor symptoms, people with Parkinson's disease may also experience non-motor symptoms such as:

  • Depression or anxiety
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Cognitive changes such as difficulty with memory, attention, and executive function
  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Constipation or other gastrointestinal problems

The symptoms of Parkinson's disease can vary from person to person, and may progress at different rates, making it important for individuals with the condition to receive personalized care and management.

No items found.
Special Offer For New Patients

$100 Off Your Comprehensive Women's Pelvic Health Assessment

Uncover the root cause of your pelvic pain with a Comprehensive Pelvic Health Assessment with Senior Pelvic Physiotherapist, Caitlin McPhee for just $140 (usually valued at $240).
Claim This Special Offer
icon back of body

Therapies & treatments

Multidisciplinary Care

A team of healthcare providers, including neurologists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, and psychologists, can work together to provide comprehensive care for individuals with Parkinson's disease, which can help manage symptoms and reduce associated pain.


There are several medications used to treat Parkinson's disease, including levodopa, dopamine agonists, MAO-B inhibitors, and COMT inhibitors. These medications can help manage symptoms of tremors, rigidity, and bradykinesia, which can also help reduce associated pain.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)

DBS involves implanting electrodes into specific areas of the brain that control movement to help manage symptoms of Parkinson's disease, including tremors and stiffness. DBS has also been shown to reduce pain associated with Parkinson's disease.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy can help individuals with Parkinson's disease maintain their strength, flexibility, and balance, reducing the risk of falls and minimizing pain. Exercises and stretches can help reduce muscle stiffness and improve mobility.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy can help individuals with Parkinson's disease maintain their ability to perform daily activities, such as bathing and dressing, reducing pain and discomfort.

Speech Therapy

Speech therapy can help individuals with Parkinson's disease improve their ability to communicate, which can reduce stress and anxiety, leading to reduced pain.

Occupational Rehabilitation

Occupational rehabilitation can help individuals with Parkinson's disease adapt to changes in their physical abilities and find new ways to participate in activities, which can reduce pain and discomfort.

Pain Management / Pain Care Practice

A pain management clinic can provide specialized care for individuals with Parkinson's disease who experience chronic pain. Treatment options may include medications, physical therapy, injections, and other interventions.

icon avoiding obstacles

Self-care strategies


Regular physical activity can help manage symptoms, improve balance and mobility, and enhance overall well-being. Activities such as walking, cycling, and swimming can be particularly beneficial.

Medication Management

Sticking to a consistent medication schedule and dosage can help manage motor symptoms and reduce fluctuations in symptom control.


A balanced diet can help manage constipation and other digestive issues, while also promoting overall health and well-being.

Sleep Hygiene

Getting enough restful sleep is important for managing Parkinson's symptoms. Establishing a consistent sleep routine and creating a comfortable sleep environment can help improve sleep quality.

Occupational Therapy

An occupational therapist can help individuals with Parkinson's develop strategies for managing daily activities and routines, such as modifying home environments or using assistive devices.

Speech Therapy

Speech therapy can help manage communication difficulties associated with Parkinson's, such as slurred speech or difficulty with swallowing.

Support Groups

Joining a support group can provide emotional support, helpful tips, and resources for living with Parkinson's.

Mind-Body Techniques

Mind-body techniques such as yoga, tai chi, and meditation can help manage stress, improve balance and flexibility, and enhance overall well-being.

Stress Management

Managing stress is important for managing Parkinson's symptoms. Engaging in relaxation techniques, practicing mindfulness, or seeking counseling can be helpful.

Creative Hobbies

Engaging in creative hobbies such as painting, writing, or music can provide a sense of purpose and enjoyment, and can help manage stress and improve overall well-being.

Seek pain relief for

Parkinson's Disease

Book an appointment today. No referral required.